Frequency and amplitude control of cortical oscillations by phosphoinositide waves

by Ding Xiong, Shengping Xiao, Su Guo, Qinsong Lin, Fubito Nakatsu & Min Wu

Nature Chemical Biology (2016) doi:10.1038/nchembio.2000
Published online 11 January 2016

Rhythmicity is prevalent in the cortical dynamics of diverse single and multicellular systems. Current models of cortical oscillations focus primarily on cytoskeleton-based feedbacks, but information on signals upstream of the actin cytoskeleton is limited. In addition, inhibitory mechanisms—especially local inhibitory mechanisms, which ensure proper spatial and kinetic controls of activation—are not well understood. Here, we identified two phosphoinositide phosphatases, synaptojanin 2 and SHIP1, that function in periodic traveling waves of rat basophilic leukemia (RBL) mast cells. The local, phase-shifted activation of lipid phosphatases generates sequential waves of phosphoinositides. By acutely perturbing phosphoinositide composition using optogenetic methods, we showed that pulses of PtdIns(4,5)P2 regulate the amplitude of cyclic membrane waves while PtdIns(3,4)P2 sets the frequency. Collectively, these data suggest that the spatiotemporal dynamics of lipid metabolism have a key role in governing cortical oscillations and reveal how phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases (PI3K) activity could be frequency-encoded by a phosphatase-dependent inhibitory reaction.

Read online: Nature Chemical Biology.

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